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Step-by-step Guide of Exadata Sanpshot Based Backup of Compute Node to NFS Share

 

Backing up file systems on Oracle Exadata compute can be a daunting task if you are unaware of the prerequisites and best practices. To help you backup your file systems effectively and with least discrepancies, we are bringing you this interesting step-by-step guide on how to back up your file system using Oracle Exadata Sanpshot Based Backup of Compute Node to NFS Share    

 

It is very important to take file system backup on Oracle Exadata compute nodes before we make any major changes to the operating system or critical software. On Oracle Exadata Compute nodes / (root) and /u01 file systems contains the operating system and GI/DB software respectively. These are the most critical file systems on Oracle Exadata computes.

 

By default, the / (root) and /u01 file system are sized 30GB and 100GB respectively.

 

Scenarios in which we must take file system backup are:

 

  • – Operating System Patching or Upgrade
  •  
  • – Grid Infrastructure Patching or Upgrade
  •  
  • – Database Patching or Upgrade
  •  
  • – Operating System configuration changes
  •  
  • – Increasing/decreasing file system size

 

In this article, we will demonstrate how to backup file system on Oracle Exadata Compute nodes running Linux Operating System to external storage NFS Share.



Environment Details

 

Exadata Model

X4-2 Half Rack HP 4 TB

Exadata Components

4 – Compute nodes, 7 – Storage cells & 2 – IB switches

Exadata Storage cells

DBM01CEL01 – DBM01CEL07

Exadata Compute nodes

DBM01DB01 – DBM01DB04

Exadata Software Version

19.2.3.0

Exadata DB Version

11.2.0.4.180717

 

 

Prerequisites

 

  • – Root user access on Compute nodes
  •  
  • – NFS mount with sufficient storage to storing file system backup




Current root and /u01 file system sizes

 

[root@ip01db01 ~]# df -h / /u01

Filesystem Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/mapper/VGExaDb-LVDbSys1   59G   39G   18G  70% /

/dev/mapper/VGExaDb-LVDbOra1  197G  171G   17G  92% /u01



NFS share details

 

10.10.10.1:/nfs/backup/

 

  • 1. As root user, log in to the Exadata Compute node you wish to backup

 

[root@ip01db01 ~]# id root

uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root),1(bin),2(daemon),3(sys),4(adm),6(disk),10(wheel)


 

  • 2. Create a mount point to mount NFS share

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/backup

[root@dm01db01 ~]# mount -t nfs -o rw,intr,soft,proto=tcp,nolock 10.10.10.1:/nfs/backup/ /mnt/backup

 


3. Determine the file system type extension root and u01 file system

 

[root@ip01db01 ~]# mount -l

sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,relatime)

proc on /proc type proc (rw,relatime)

devtmpfs on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,size=131804372k,nr_inodes=32951093,mode=755)

securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)

tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,size=264225792k)

/dev/mapper/VGExaDb-LVDbSys1 on / type ext3 (rw,relatime,errors=continue,barrier=1,data=ordered) [DBSYS]

/dev/mapper/VGExaDb-LVDbOra1 on /u01 type ext3 (rw,nodev,relatime,errors=continue,barrier=1,data=ordered) [DBORA]

/dev/sda1 on /boot type ext3 (rw,nodev,relatime,errors=continue,barrier=1,data=ordered) [BOOT]

 

 

4.  Note down the file system type for root and /u01: ext3. Take a snapshot-based of the root and u01 directories, Label the snapshot and Mount the snapshot

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]# lvcreate -L5G -s -n root_snap /dev/VGExaDb/LVDbSys1

  Logical volume “root_snap” created.

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]# lvcreate -L5G -s -n u01_snap /dev/VGExaDb/LVDbOra1

  Logical volume “u01_snap” created.



[root@dm01db01 ~]# e2label /dev/VGExaDb/root_snap DBSYS_SNAP

[root@dm01db01 ~]# e2label /dev/VGExaDb/u01_snap DBORA_SNAP

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/snap/root

[root@dm01db01 ~]# mkdir -p /mnt/snap/u01

 

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]# mount /dev/VGExaDb/root_snap /mnt/snap/root -t ext3

[root@dm01db01 ~]# mount /dev/VGExaDb/u01_snap /mnt/snap/u01 -t ext3

 

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]# df -h /mnt/snap/root

[root@dm01db01 ~]# df -h /mnt/snap/u01

 

 

  • 5. Change to the directory for the backup and Create the backup file

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]#  cd /mnt/backup

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]#  tar -pjcvf /mnt/backup/mybackup.tar.bz2 * /boot –exclude /mnt/backup/mybackup.tar.bz2 > /tmp/backup_tar.stdout 2> /tmp/backup_tar.stderr

 

  • 6. Monitor the /tmp/backup_tar.stderr file for errors. Errors such as failing to tar open sockets can be ignored.

 

  • 7. Unmount the snapshots and remove the snapshots for the root and /01 directories.

 

[root@dm01db01 ~]# cd /

 

[root@dm01db01 /]# umount /mnt/snap/u01

 

[root@dm01db01 /]# umount /mnt/snap/root

 

[root@dm01db01 /]# df -h /mnt/snap/u01

[root@dm01db01 /]# df -h /mnt/snap/root

 

[root@dm01db01 /]# ls -l /mnt/snap

 

[root@dm01db01 /]# rm -rf /mnt/snap

 

 

[root@dm01db01 /]# lvremove /dev/VGExaDb/u01_snap

Do you really want to remove active logical volume u01_snap? [y/n]: y

  Logical volume “u01_snap” successfully removed


 

[root@dm01db01 /]# lvremove /dev/VGExaDb/root_snap

Do you really want to remove active logical volume root_snap? [y/n]: y

  Logical volume “root_snap” successfully removed


 

  • 8. Unmount the NFS share

 

[root@dm01db01 /] umount /mnt/backup


 

  • Repeat the above steps on the remaining compute nodes to backup root & u01 file system



We hope this article helps you smoothly backup your file system on Oracle Exadata Compute node running Oracle Linux using NFS Share. Stay tuned for more step-by-step guides on implementing and using Oracle Database Systems exclusively on Netsoftmate




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